Violent and severely strong (F3,F4,F5) Tornadoes in Europe

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Violent and severely strong (F3,F4,F5) Tornadoes in Europe

Beitragvon Thilo Kühne am Sonntag 25. März 2007, 17:34

This topic will comprise single violent and severely strong tornado events across Europe (F3, F4 and F5 tornadoes only!).



regards,
Thilo Kühne
Zuletzt geändert von Thilo Kühne am Sonntag 25. März 2007, 18:47, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.
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Beitragvon Thilo Kühne am Sonntag 25. März 2007, 18:42

15.07.1936 - F4 - WIEPKENHAGEN / Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)

On July 15th, 1936 (monday evening) a tornado tracked in the northern region of Vorpommern (15 km E of Ribnitz-Damgarten / 15 km W of Stralsund).

The tornado formed N of Ahrenshagen and moved in NE direction for a distance of 11 kilometers and an average width of 60 meters. The northern parts of Ahrenshagen and Trinwillershagen, the small village of Wiepkenhagen and later on a southern farm of Lüdershagen were affected. At least 3 private houses and at least one stable were destroyed. Futhermore, several houses in Wiepkenhagen were badly demaged.

photo shows a private house (combined building with a byre on the backside) N of Trinwillershagen:
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photo shows a massivly built private house in Wiepkenhagen. One of those, which were badly demaged:
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(source of photos: Ribnitzer Anzeiger, 18.07.1936)

According to two eyewitness reports, bricks were thrown several meters - fortunately, no one was killed or injured.
Much more interesting is the eyewitness report by an old lady, who observed this tornado when she was a teeny from a distance of 1 kilometer near Lüdershagen. She discribed this tornado as slightly thin and severely rotating pillar. As the tornado crossed the road Wiepkenhagen/Trinwillershagen, a bus was thrown aside. Furthermore, the tornado teared out some comble-stones off this road. By tracking eastward, the tornado crossed a field, where it teared out all turnips throwing it around. Eyewitness said, turnips came down from the sky like big hailstones. Both, turnips and comple-stones might been thrown abound a distance of 1 kilometer.
More or less, two other driving cars were thrown aside and a dog (animal depended to a farm near Trinwillershagen) was found days later near Lüdershagen - the animal must have been thrown 4 km. The dog was already dead.

regards,
Thilo
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Beitragvon Remy am Sonntag 25. März 2007, 19:25

06.11.1954: Portugal Castelo Branco Tornado

This event contain the most powerful tornado in Portugal. Maybe more tornadoes touch the ground but we have not more information.

In this beautiful day of November 6, 1954 Portugal undergo a tornado of a great violence. This tornado will be classified like a F3 event on the scale of Fujita and T7 on the scale international of TORRO. Many information my were given by Mrs. Paula Leitao (Portuguese specialist in the tornadoes). For example without counted the innumerable damages material and human the tornadoes destroyed the weather station room. The barometer recorded a fall of pressure of 24 hpa in less few seconds. Castelo Branco is a large city located in the area centers of Portugal on a large plate. On November 6, 1954 Portugal is subjected to a flow of fast western south with temperatures close to 15 ° C in Algarve and 5 ° C in north to the Country with 850 hpa. It seems that is a squall line or a very virulent cold face which is at the origin of this tornado. Thereafter towards the neighbourhoods of 12 noon 50 the storm created a tornado which touched in first the town of Benquerenças to 9 km in the western south of Castelo Branco. Finally the tornado approached the town of Castelo Branco to destroy it in that great totality killing 5 people and by wounding 220 others.

1954 Tornado at Castelo Branco (Portugal)
November 6, 1954 12 h 50
F3/T7

Weather : Storm with hail
Landscape: Plain
Personal visit on the site: Not
Length trajectory: 9 km
Width trajectory (m): ?
Place (X): 5 dead 220 injured 40.000 people with damages


Historical knowledge of the phenomenon in Portugal, the tornado which had the greatest impact during the last century was recorded in Castelo Branco, in 1954. Castelo Branco, on November 6, 1954 with 12h50, lasted 30 seconds. Strange, distant noise. “An enormous black cloud having a strange form approached at a fantastic speed”. “Major Darkness and an astonishing noise” as if “thousands of planes passed”. 5 died, 220 wounded, more than 40.000 people with damages. “The wind arrived by the West”. Cars and trucks are turned and trailed. Chimneys and ceilings of houses are cut down. Metal roofing of the market projected in the airs, as well as an enormous iron cupola (with 8 thick iron supports) of the coreto placed in the ground at its side. The barriers distinct from the hinges are projected. Electric roofs, chimneys, wire are on the ground. Twisted balconies, left shutters and windows, a metalic bar in a balcony, cars inserted as of the walls, “idea of a bombardment”, posts of illumination planted in the ground, the cars which circulated were turned over, enormous trees is to tear off. “Corn Field which superficially gave an impression to have passed in an enormous cylinder”. Left section of the quarter of destroyed Cavalry, two horses died. Fallen walls, people taken, folded iron posts, van in charge projected to 20 m of distance and round, trees of the suburbs appearing in the center of the city, of the identified objects pertaining to the cemetery of Benquerenças (to 9 km) appear close to the Hotel of Tourism. Bag of cork of 120 kg were launched to 500 Mr.

Barograph of Castelo Branco

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Instituto National de Meteorologia (Portugal)

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Beitragvon Remy am Sonntag 25. März 2007, 19:26

01.06.1927 Tornado of Neede in Netherland

Neede / F4 / Path Length: ? / Path Width: 500 m / 15 h 00 UTC

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On 1 June against 5 o'clock was afflicted in the afternoon the city Lingen by a bad weather disaster. On the day it was oppressive warm. In the southwest (direction heart Ford) a thunderstorm drew up. Air on the southwest horizon was lead grey. Dark cloud masses piled up themselves up, from time to time grollte the thunder. From the grey of the sky main header in the direction toward Schepsdorf a yellow-grey cloud column in funnel form, which stood first perpendicularly, toward northwest leaned later out. From this funnel a light-grey hose shot out for short time, which pointed diagonally upward equal a finger to air. The highest end of this hose seemed to lie over the Lingener city hall. Ring around the grey yellow area air masses in broad expansion of approximately 50 - 60 m with anti-clockwise turn whirled and whirled paper, things, boards, bars and stones by air. The observer, who was on the market at the entrance of the Gymnasialstrasse before the watchmaker's shop of Hammerle, was offered a schauerlich beautiful sight.

After form, reproduction direction and kind of stretch of the wind trousers are described, is to be dealt also with the destruction work the same. The attached pictures may serve the illustration! To the press reports the wind trousers came made of Holland, began in circles the Lingen with Schepsdorf with devastation, went over the city Lingen, the Böhmer and Brögber yard and are then over the Hümmling into the Oldenburger country to have moved. With our description of the destruction work of the storm we begin with Schepsdorf, where the terrible effect of the natural force with full Kraft and Macht expressed itself.

Before our eyes a destruction picture sketches itself, as the field-grey behind the front could see it repeatedly. Houses collapsed taken off, walls.

The house of the families Bruns, shopkeepers, Frese and Hilmes the whole roof away-tore smoothly. The side wall of the building toward the road was lifted from the foundation and shows several tears, which warn the spectator to come the ramshackle house too near.

Also the beautiful lime tree avenue had to zollen the Unhold wind tribute. The heart diminishes one in pain, if one looks at the large gap in the magnificent lime tree avenue and the strong tree corpses with full sheet decoration because of the soil sees the same being. And the beautiful mansion wind-hope was afflicted, pulled the eddy tower equal a Wegelagerer further and carried everything forward, which placed itself to it into the way. To the Gelgöskenstiege robbed the weather column from the house of the families situation man and Kley the roof and let bars, rafters, boards, pans and stones go along. A heap of rubble marks the way of the wind. During the transition over the channel main header it after the report of an eye-witness the water up to the reason into air, so that one could have seen drying soil of the channel bed. Now the storm occurred to elbows into the gardens on that, entwurzelte fruit trees and berrybushes, broke or tore starting from vegetable plants and flowers. It seemed to me, as if a black roller would have gradened the gardens. During the human dwellings showed up here so quite, “that the elements hate the Gebild of human hand.” The houses of Wasmuth, Heinen and van Kampen resemble heap of rubble. Van the Kampen' house was again delighted, and now it is destroyed up to the foundation wall. All room walls collapsed. Only one part of the kitchen remained, in which the housewife with its child is. Bars, stones, pans sizzled around the two house passengers trembling with fear and fear down, without causing to them a wrong. The wind trousers pulled then devastating far on the house Rodewald past over the old Stöve pharmacy for the center of the city. Everywhere destruction and devastation. Roads and market place are scattered with rubble rock and felling trees hurrying. All houses, over which the tempest away-swept, are taken off. Giebel and side panels broke in. Windows with their fillings were pulled out and took part in the turning dance of the wind trousers, freely penetrate the view into living and cellar area, in those beds, pictures, clocks, tables and chairs a wild disorder to form. After the disaster found makes housewife in their house articles of clothing and laundry, which, who knows from where, the storm as replacement for led away dresses by the opening in the roof or in the wall zubrachte. A hopeless picture of devastation is offered to the Beschauer, which stands on the market place before the old destroyed city hall. The house of the Uhrmachers Hammerle squeezed the force together of a wall fall from van the Velde Veldmann house and buried under itself the housewife, whom one hurts however, to get out could. A further injury suffered the woman of the architect Lühn, which was met by a converging bar. Unfortunately we have to deplore also a dead one. A child of our school, Flerlage, suffered a heavy Verwundung at the head, at which it died at the twelfth days.

One instant had been sufficient, in order to destroy all, which people diligence with strive and had established emergency in work of long years. But unverzagt the developing work went. The tempest was hardly twisted, there saw one everywhere active hands, which saved the property or repaired defective places at the houses. The community spirit of the Lingener population showed up in its most beautiful light. The railroadman workshop made expert workers available for the clearing up work in large number. On the roofs of the damaged houses it already wimmelte in the evening of the misfortune daily of active humans. It applied nevertheless to get as fast as possible roof over the head because it threatened to rain. It was to be feared that the humidity, which the rain brought, unhindered into the living and sleep area penetrate could and spoiled, which the storm had spared. Unfortunately soon rain weather began and increased the damage to property. For the protection of the property of the citizens transferred the Kivelinger and the contactor brothers the night watch in the city. With this self-help assistance associated from the outside. The commission mayor Gilles, Landrat Dr. Pantenburg and Studienrat Schwenne, it succeeded to receive large money of the government agencies under guidance of the head of the provincial government Dr. Sonnenschein for the distressed population. Generally speaking about 600,000 M met to the Linderung of the first emergency. Circle and municipal savings bank placed 150,000 M to 4% to the order. From far and near condolence demonstrations ran in. Already in the first night after the misfortune railways clay bricks rolled here, and on the other day the reconstruction of the city was in full enterprise. The roads Lingens showed an active life in the days after the disaster. From everywhere look-merry were here-hurried for the inspection of the devastation place. Some visitor sacrificed its Scherflein for the storm-damaged, which the results of the can collections showed into managing (823.70 M) and in the roads Lingens (654 M).

Lingen for the future may remain exempted from a similar misfortune
Rémy Madureira
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Beitragvon Remy am Sonntag 25. März 2007, 19:27

16.06.1957 : Tornado of Robecco Pavese

http://www.tornadoit.org/lefoto19.htm

The story is much eloquent one and contains all the typical impressions narrated from those who assists in first person to a violent tornado. The marked phrases in block letter are important because they place the important attention on some manifestations or dynamics to the ends of one greater understanding of the event and its intensity. First of all the observer extension one succession of typical meteorological events of the passage of a thunderstorm to supercell, with its powerful meteors, in direction W-E. Obviously we do not have satellitari images of that day that can confirm the tipologia of the thunderstorm but, given the power of the tornado and the succession of the events observes to you, can without a doubt some assert that that day on the Pavian supercell was active one. The areas interested from precipitations (nearly always to character of back) in the classic supercells are offered, watching the system from above, on the quadrants front and posterior left, regarding the direction of advance of the storm, in order then to bend to uncino and shrinking themselves in the posterior part. The tornado is usually formed on the extremity ricurva of the uncino. E' for this reason that an observer, place exactly on the trajectory of the tornado, will come then before caught up from the heavy showers and hail and from the air bugle, encircled from one zone lacking in precipitations of any type (precipitation-free base). This zone centers them of the supercell is dominated from the upward currents. In it the sky appears frightfully black poichè the light filters through one layer of approximately 12-18 Km of clouds in spin, from the cupola until the cloud to wall, mails to the center of this surrealistic and accompanied scene from the tornado. Passed it upsets some, made exception for some short residual back, is come exceeds to you from the turbulent base of the supercell. The sky is in order little covered time only from the rich anvil of mammatus: it is passed then to a nearly completely serene sky and the immense tower of the cumulonembo can be observed to east with the striature, the extensive anvil counter wind and sometimes also the tornado that goes away, the all crossed from an activity electrical worker nearly continues. The temperature, meantime, are diminished of some degrees to testimony of the great cold air amount that has caught up the ground from the intermediate layers of the troposphere and that it has contributed to the feeding of the system in spin.


Robecco Pavese / F5 / Path Length: 10 km / Path Width: 80 m / 10 h 00 UTC (+/- 6 hrs)

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“The “tornado” in the Pavian. A hurricane of frightful violence has triggered of the air bugles against Robecco and Goes them Scuropasso nearly, in province of Pavia, destroying them completely. To Robecco, it upsets some has invested the church, from which little before the faithfuls were escapes, it has made some to collapse the walls clearly and cut the bell tower. Some minute after the “tornado” is come down on the other village provoking the dead women of six persons.” A felt thanks to Mauro Is given from Pavia that has sended this precious document.

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In the cartina the distance of the tornado (in red) along approximately 10 km. As the movement of the tornado is looked at, and therefore of all the storm, is from W towards and. Occore to make, to such purpose, one precisazione a lot important. The length of the distance of the tornado, estimated around to the 10 Km, represents a minim value. The data collected on the event regard only the two semidestroyed countries: it cannot therefore be excluded that the various air bugle has touched earth kilometers before, producing more modest damages or acting on uninhabited areas to the age. In the same way the decay of the meteor could have happened much more to east than Scuropasso Goes them. If the structure of the supercell shown in the Fig is kept in consideration. _1, and it transposes mentally on the tracing (considering the trajectory of the tornado and of the mesociclone from W towards and and they do not give SW towards OF), can at best be comprised the succession of the events narrated from Giuseppe Alloni in first part of its story.

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Beitragvon Thilo Kühne am Donnerstag 5. April 2007, 17:29

13.06.1924 - F3-F4 - BIA, PILISVÖRÖSVÁR (Hungary)

This tornado occured over the region of Pilis and Vác, W, NW and N of Budapest.

some facts about this event:

Path Length: ~55 km
Affected places on the track: Bia, Rebágy, Páty, Pilisszentivár, Pilisvörösvár, Pilisszentlászló, NW suburbs of Vác

Path Width: near Bia: 400 to 500 m / near Pilisvörösvár up to 1.000 m / near Vác up to 2.000 m

Intensity: near Bia: up to F3 / Pilisvörösvár: up to F4

Demages: up to 50 billions of Koronas

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source: VÖRÖSVÁRI ÚJSÁG;
http://www.pilisvorosvar.hu/vorosvariuj ... ius/16.htm

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source: VÖRÖSVÁRI ÚJSÁG;
http://www.pilisvorosvar.hu/vorosvariuj ... ius/16.htm
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Beitragvon Remy am Freitag 13. April 2007, 15:35

18.05.1960-F3-Garac (35 km North West of Toulouse) France

Garac / F3 / Path Length: 2 km / Path Width: 80 m / ?

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Copyright :Madureira Rémy

On a face of two hundred meters a waterspout swept the communes of Garac and Bellegarde (Haute-Garonne). Three houses and the church of a hamlet with ground. “An enormous black cloud slowly advanced west and direction of the Pyrenees, a white cloud one can less bulky came to its meeting. The atmosphere was heavy. There was not an air blast. The thunder was made hear and the youngest children of my small class were terrified… I left one moment in front of the school to see where was going to burst the storm. Never I will forget this extraordinary spectacle which was held in a few seconds in front of my eyes. With less than one kilometer as the crow flies of the school of Bellegarde, the two clouds crossed and at once a kind of language grisâtre, of funnel finished by a very long neck spouted out to the ground. At the end of the neck a russet-red smoke whirled tearing off the ground of the fields. “The funnel, the swirl, passed behind a clump of trees and, suddenly, it was with the top of the church of Noïc. As in a dazzling, I saw the bell-tower falling down a such house of cards. And always one grondement terrifying accompanied by some flashes… the swirl, advancing slowly on a face of two hundred meters at the bottom of the small valley, moved away in direction from the village from Garac. I thought that all was going to be devastated and I had the tight heart… May I did not even have really time to be afraid, because hail started to fall and I returned well quickly in the class, or the children came around me. Let us hail was so large and fell so thick that I did not hear any more my pupils…” Miss Thérèse Broussolle, the young teacher of Bellegarde, is eyewitnesses dreams her description, clear and specifies of it, and impressed scientific rigour, constitutes, believe us, a document. The schoolyard, built on a headland, is admittedly an excellent observation post. The teacher, like everyone besides in the devastated communes, thought that it was about a cyclone. It is an error there, because there is no cyclone in our areas. We learned thereafter that it was very exactly about a waterspout. This small error is quite excusable, because one is not really accustomed to observing weather phenomena of such a width in our South-west. The teacher showed us, of the court of her school, the demolished church which, by far, resembles a large white pie. The way which conduit is already dry there and the countryside are laughing. Serene sky, crossed by some peaceful clouds white and pinks. One cannot believe that a scene of desolation has just been held in this decoration bucolic. Its eyes should be seen… Vision of war… The church is devastated as by a bombardment. The up to date bell-tower, typically Languedocien, broke down, bursting the roof. Only remain upright the seriously lézardés walls. This small church, attached to the commune of Bellegarde, was fortunately insulated on a hillock. Classified historic building but threatening ruin, it had been almost entirely rebuilt last year: the frontage, the bell-tower, the frame, all was new; and yet, the concrete could not resist the blow of fist of the swirl. One could not penetrate in the building, whose ground is covered with a three height meters cluster with beam, tiles and hardcores tangled up. The church will have to be shaved. The narrow cemetery leaning with the church is devastated. Almost all believe them were torn off and certain were broken. With astonishment, amazement; peasants of the neighbourhoods, run on the spot; crosses and tombs out of marbles contemplate moved several meters and like jagged… With twenty meters of the porch of the church, a saint bishop wavered on his base, but it was saved by miracle. From its two finger raised in a hieratic gesture, it always shows the sky which, sometimes, makes weigh on the men his ire… The waterspout, therefore, sowing devastation on its passage, moved away towards the communes close to Garac. The peasants of the firm neighbors indicate to us are way, definitely visible on the ground by the damage which it left. There, an electric cement pylon was divided into two like blow of axe, trees was split, burst, the corn, the vines are devastated. One sees, at the top of a slope, which remains of a farm struck by misfortune. We go there… The mayor of Garac, Mr. Jean-Joseph Galac, 77 years, saw to break down in a few hours all the asset of a labour of a whole life. Its farm is destroyed. By which chance, with his wife and the inspector of insurances, Mr. de Boissezon, who came to visit him, does have it escaped without a scratch? The 2 CV of the inspector, raised by the tornado, were carried with three hundred meters. It is to say the incredible force of the waterspout. But let us let speak to Mr. mayor who, the tears with the eyes, wanders between the remains of what was its roof… “… When I board heard thunder the storm, I am advanced on the step of the door and I board considering coming towards me, with five hundred meters, a tornado which took the shape of a gigantic scoop. “At the base, a reddish dust whirled. It was the ground which was attracted in the air by a formidable movement of suction. A curtain of rain interfered frail fell down on me, and I ran away myself without me to turn over towards the house. I attracted at once with me my wife and the inspector under a casing. It was time. In a great cracking, doors and windows were wounded. The damage is considerable. But M.Galac is not alone to be reached by the catastrophe. In its commune, the farm (Very new) of Mr. Paul Gallon is entirely destroyed; the agricultural implements are destroyed, but the cattle is except. At Mr. Clément Laporte, the roof of the hangar was puffed up. The waterspout fortunately passed to a few hundred meters of the village and it was dissipated shortly after. But the damage is still very important in the commune of bellegarde, where the farm inhabited by Mrs. Rodriguez- owner M.Florence-is completely shaven. The hangar of M.Leran is demolished, as well as part of its house. Also the farm and the hangar of the Pangrazi family. It seems that the waterspout was formed a little beyond, on the department of Gers, where one announces a large storm of hail on Saint-Cricq, with many hangars carried in a radius of 5 to 8 kilometers. On the térritoire of the Isle-Jordan, there is also damage, like in the commune of All, in particular in the farms of Misters Péruzin and Léche.
Zuletzt geändert von Remy am Donnerstag 31. Mai 2007, 13:05, insgesamt 1-mal geändert.
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Beitragvon Remy am Donnerstag 31. Mai 2007, 12:42

01.06.1999 Tornado of San Leonardo de Yagüe (Spain)

San Leonardo de Yagüe / F3 / Path Length: 8 km / Path Width: 500 m / ?


The most powerful tornado that the spain had never seen since 17 years. the tornado F3/T7 destroyed a forest and you can see the real impressive vision of the dévastation. This is the most impressive picture that i have never seen about the destruction of a forest by a tornado.

this photograph is new. It was given me by Miquel Gaya.

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Beitragvon Remy am Donnerstag 31. Mai 2007, 13:00

02.06.1982 Tornado of Levier (France)

Levier / F4 / Path Length: 3 km / Path Width: 350 m / ?


This tornado is the last F4 in France who have been verified by Jean Dessens. this is the single picture of this monster tornado :wink:

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Copyright : Gendarmerie National
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Beitragvon Remy am Donnerstag 31. Mai 2007, 20:53

25.01.1971 Tornado of La Rochelle (France)

La Rochelle / F4 / Path Length: 2.9 km / Path Width: 50 m / ?


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“Of the witnesses said to have seen a cloudy column during under the cumulonimbus, animated of a swirling movement causing a shower of foam in contact with the surface of the sea. ” (station weather of the La Rochelle) “The damage is […] very important in a peripheral district of the La Rochelle, close of Pallice. One quantifies them with the low word to 5 million frank for the moment […]. Moreover, and it is most serious, there are a death and ten wounded of which three are in a serious state, and a hundred disaster victims of which forty six are without shelter. […] A score of houses and ten companies had their torn off roof. The hearth of the Companions of Saint-Anthony and a restaurant suffered considerably. A hundred cars in parking were often moved several meters under the effect of the wind and some of these vehicles, plated against walls, were literally rolled. A pylon of about thirty meters in height was properly decapitated in a factory.

And yesterday, at the end of the morning, the Jean-Guitton avenue, on approximately 500 meters, offered an extraordinary spectacle of desolation: tiles, hardcores, twisted sheets were neighbourly with uprooted trees, telephone posts and telegraphic snatches. Direct witness of the catastrophe, Mr. Antoine Schafer who directs a body shop saw dying under his eyes Mr. André Drapeau, a 58 year old scrap merchant. - I was in front of my gate, tells it, when the tornado arrived. I had left my workshop to see whether the fall of hail which had occurred a few moments before had not done too many damage. Mr. Drapeau had come to join me. And then suddenly, very started. An infernal noise, a kind of gigantic mooing, and the breath immediately afterwards. Grabbed by the swirl, Mr. Drapeau was raised like a wisp of straw, it rose with several meters before falling down brutally. Me, I had been likely to be able to clutch me with a post. I felt it to vibrate between my arms and I believe that if the tornado had lasted a few seconds more it would have been carried and me with. And abruptly all was finished. More one breath of wind. I precipitated towards Mr. Drapeau. Its cranium had been crashed to pieces. - When I am turned over to the office, I saw my knelt wife. She was insane of fear and my Valerie daughter, who is two years old, does not cease crying since. The roof of my workshop broke down and I will have at least for 40000 frank repairs. Shortly after the catastrophe Mr. Philippe Dechartre, Secretary of State to Work went on the spot. It was accompanied by the mayor of the La Rochelle, Mr. Salardaine, who promised to make rehouse the eleven disaster victims families quickly. While waiting, they will be lodged in hotels. ” (Dawn, Tuesday January 26, 1971) “A waterspout was seen on the basin of Pallice.

The bush of scum was seen under the waterspout as long as it was at sea; while arriving on ground there was flood of the quays. The noise resembled that of a packed train and one saw in the swirl of various materials. The damage occurred on a tape of 2.9 kilometers out of 50 meters, directed West-east. ” (testimony town hall of the La Rochelle) “The witnesses far away from the trajectory perceived especially a noise “like that of a packed train” and also testify to the great quantity of materials and ground which materialized the swirl. For my part, I could observe […] many various objects such as sheets, slats of wood, etc… taken in an ascending swirl (which appeared me to be cyclonic) with a height from 80 to 100 meters. These elements then did not present any tendency at the fall. ” “In the majority of the cases, the touched buildings are it especially by the roofs. Thus the building of the “Saltworks of the West” vast building built in vault, not having any internal structure was entirely destroyed. The people present inside saw the whole of this building of approximately 50m X 30 m being raised in block, moreover d'1 meter before falling down while flying in glares. Even notices with regard to the roof of a veranda contiguous to a small restaurant. ” (station weather of the La Rochelle
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Beitragvon Thilo Kühne am Freitag 31. August 2007, 11:25

29.06.1904 F4 Tornado in the Moscow Region (Russia)

affected places: Lefortovo, Sokolniki, Basmannaya, Yanuskaya, Chagino, Poslannikovo, Kopotnya, Gravoronovo, Zapino, Mytishtshi
intensity: T9/F4
path width: up to 700 m
path length: up to 40 km
people killed: >10
people injured: >100


On June 29th 1904 a violent tornado tracked through the region southeast , east and northeast of Moscow (western Russia) around 1430 UTC (1830 MSK local time). Auf einer Länge von 40 km und einer mittleren Breite von 400 Metern richtete dieser Tornado teils unglaubliche Schäden an. Die betroffenen Ortschaften waren: Lefortovo, Sokolniki, Basmannaya (Moskauer Stadteil), Yanuskaya (Moskauer Stadteil), Chagino, Poslannikovo, Kopotnya, Gravoronovo, Zapino und Mytishtshi. Besonders im Bereich zwischen Chagino, Poslannikovo und Zapino wütete der Tornado auf einer Breite von 700 Metern und vernichtete alle Gebäude dieser Ortschaften. Einige Häuser wurden als Ganzes von ihren Fundamenten abgerissen und mehrere hundert Meter weit fortgetragen. Bislang ist noch nicht ganz geklärt, wie viele Menschen durch dieses Ereignis getötet bzw. verletzt wurden - offizielle Angaben gehen von 10 Toten und 100 verletzten Personen aus, diese sind aber mit Vorsicht zu genießen; vermutlich liegt die Zahl an getöteten Menschen wesentlich höher als von russischen Behörden angegeben.

Vor einigen Tagen bin ich auf Fotos zu diesem Fall gestoßen, womöglich das älteste Tornadofoto aus Europa überhaupt?

von Pererva aus beobachtet:
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Schäden von Poslannikovo:
Bild

Schäden von Lefortovo / Annenhof'sche Park:
Bild

Quelle der Fotos: Moskva.Kom / gorodskoy sayt, www.msk.ru;


Hier eine Abschrift aus der Zeitung "Niva" von 1904 zu diesem Ereignis:

"Am 16.Juni [nach heutiger Zeitrechnung: 29.06.1904] gegen sechs Uhr brach über Moskau ein furchtbarer Orkan mit Gewitter und Hagel herein. Am südöstlichen Horizont zeigte sich eine riesige schwarz-glutrote Wolke mit grauen Rändern. Sie bewegte sich mit großer Geschwindigkeit vorwärts. Der Sturm zog unter Donnergetöse über die Stadt, entwurzelte mehrjährige Bäume, drehte große Steine aus Straßen und Mauern, riss Dächer von den Häusern und wirbelte schwere Aushängeschilder durch die Luft, als wären es Blätter oder Grashalme. Telegrafenmasten wurden zersplittert und ganze Gebäude zerstört. In Lefortovo fiel dem Sturm eine große Anzahl von Gebäuden zum Opfer und auch Menschen und Tiere wurden verletzt oder erschlagen. Ebenso hatte der große Annenhof'sche Park starke Verwüstungen zu verzeichnen - Bäume und Zäune wurden zersplittert und in der Umgebung verteilt. Auf dem Deutschen Markt ergriff der Wirbelsturm einen Polizeiposten und hob ihn hoch in die Luft. Von Hagelkörnern zerschlagen wurde er schließlich zur Seite geschleudert. In der Umgegend nordöstlich von Moskau richtete der Wirbelsturm noch größeres Unheil an. Von Süden kommend zerstörte er das Dorf Chagino bis auf die Grundmauern, ähnliches geschah auch mit Kopotnya, Gravoronovo und Zapino. Dächer und Häuser wurden durch die Luft gewirbelt und viele Meter weit fortgetragen. Stark wurde auch der Abschnitt Taininskaya-Mytishtshi von der Jaroslavl'er Eisenbahn in Mitleidenschaft gezogen. Die Waggonfabrik von Mytishtshi trug schwere Schäden davon. Der große Fabrikschornstein stürzte ein und begrub unter seinen Trümmern zwei Güterwagen. Die Bewohner der Landhäuser an der Kursker Eisenbahn flohen in panischem Schrecken aus den Häusern, auch trieb der Wirbelsturm das auf dem Felde weidende Vieh vor sich hin, und Hirten berichteten, dass Kühe, die ins Zentrum des Wirbelsturm gerieten, in die Luft gehoben und danach am Boden zerschmettert wurden. An einer Bahnüberführung wurde das Wärterhäuschen mitsamt dem Weichensteller in die Luft gehoben und nach einem Flug von 40 Metern auf dem Straßenpflaster zerschlagen. Der Weichensteller erlitt nur leichte Verletzungen. [...]"

Quellen:
- List of Tornadoes in the Soviet Union, A.I.SNITKOVSKY, "Meteorologiya i Hidrologiya", 1987
- Bericht zum Moskauer Tornado von 1904 (in Bezug auf Niva-Bericht von 1904), N.W.KOLOBKOV, 1952


vieleGrüße,
Thilo
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Beitragvon Thomas Sävert am Mittwoch 24. Oktober 2007, 19:46

07.08.1898 Cologne (Germany) / F4

this tornado hit the southeastern parts of Cologne. There was huge damage at private homes and in a factory. It was weekend, so nobody was in the factory. Here is a picture from this factory:

Bild

Here is a link to further pics and a text (in german):

http://www.tornadoliste.de/1898koeln.htm

Regards, Thomas Sävert
Tornadoliste Deutschland
http://www.tornadoliste.de
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